Punk rock (or simply punk) is a music category that emerged in the mid-1970s. Rooted in 1960s garage rock, punk bands turned down the perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. They typically produced brief, fast-paced tunes with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, and typically political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a Do It Yourself ethic; many bands self-produce recordings and disperse them through independent record labels. The term "punk rock" was first utilized by American rock critics in the early 1970s to describe 1960s garage bands. When the movement now bearing the name established from 1974 to 1976, acts such as Television, Patti Smith, and the Ramones in New York City City; the Sex Pistols, the Clash, and the Damned in London; The Runaways in Los Angeles; and the Saints in Brisbane formed its lead. Punk became a significant cultural phenomenon in the UK late in 1976. It resulted in a punk subculture expressing vibrant rebellion through distinct styles of clothing and accessory (such as deliberately offending T-shirts, leather coats, studded or surged bands and jewellery, safety pins, and chains and S&M clothes) and a range of anti-authoritarian ideologies. In 1977, the impact of the music and subculture spread worldwide, especially in England. It settled in a wide variety of regional scenes that frequently turned down affiliation with the mainstream. In the late 1970s, punk experienced a second wave as brand-new acts that were not active during its developmental years adopted the design. By the early 1980s, faster and more aggressive subgenres such as hardcore punk (e.g. Minor Hazard), street punk (e.g. the Exploited), and anarcho-punk (e.g. Crass) ended up being the predominant modes of hard rock. Musicians relating to or influenced by punk also pursued other musical instructions, giving rise to spinoffs such as post-punk, new age, and later indie pop, alternative rock, and sound rock. By the 1990s, punk re-emerged into the mainstream with the success of hard rock and pop punk bands such as Green Day, Rancid, The Offspring, and Blink-182.
he first wave of hard rock was "strongly contemporary" and differed from what came before.According to Ramones drummer Tommy Ramone, "In its preliminary form, a great deal of [1960s] stuff was ingenious and exciting. Sadly, what happens is that individuals who could not compare the likes of Hendrix started noodling away. Quickly you had unlimited solos that went no place. By 1973, I knew that what was required was some pure, stripped down, no bullshit rock 'n' roll. John Holmstrom, establishing editor of Punk magazine, remembers feeling "hard rock had to occur because the rock scene had actually ended up being so tame that [acts] like Billy Joel and Simon and Garfunkel were being called rock and roll, when to me and other fans, read more rock-and-roll implied this wild and defiant music." In critic Robert Christgau's description, "It was also a subculture that scornfully turned down the political idealism and Californian flower-power silliness of hippie myth."
Hippies were rainbow extremists; punks are romantics of black-and-white. Hippies required warmth; punks cultivate cool. Hippies joked themselves about extracurricular relations; punks pretend that s & m is our condition. As symbols of demonstration, swastikas are no less fatuous than flowers.